The Mexican War

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Tyler, however, lacked the votes in the Senate to ratify the treaty, and it was defeated by a wide margin in June.

Mexican–American War - Wikipedia

Shortly before he left office, Tyler tried again, this time through a joint resolution of both houses of Congress. With the support of President-elect Polk, Tyler managed to get the joint resolution passed on March 1, , and Texas was admitted into the United States on December According to the Texans, their state included significant portions of what is today New Mexico and Colorado, and the western and southern portions of Texas itself, which they claimed extended to the Rio Grande River.

The Mexicans, however, argued that the border only extended to the Nueces River, north of the Rio Grande. In July, , Polk, who had been elected on a platform of expansionism, ordered the commander of the U.

Mexican-American War

Army in Texas, Zachary Taylor, to move his forces into the disputed lands that lay between the Nueces and Rio Grande rivers. In November, Polk dispatched Congressman John Slidell to Mexico with instructions to negotiate the purchase of the disputed areas along the Texas-Mexican border, and the territory comprising the present-day states of New Mexico and California.

On May 13, , the United States declared war on Mexico. Furthermore, the war had encouraged expansionist Democrats to call for a complete annexation of Mexico.

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Polk recalled Trist in October. Believing that he was on the cusp of an agreement with the Mexicans, Trist ignored the recall order and presented Polk with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, which was signed in Mexico City on February 2, While Polk would have preferred a more extensive annexation of Mexican territory, he realized that prolonging the war would have disastrous political consequences and decided to submit the treaty to the Senate for ratification. Is the largest and most significant armed struggle between two nations in the western hemisphere.


In Mexico, the war left a legacy of bitterness that can be seen to this day. In the United States, tensions between North and South soon eclipsed the clash with Mexico in the national imagination. Abraham Lincoln alluded to these tensions when he described the United States in as "a house divided.

Skip to main content. X June 8 - U. Senate defeats treaty of annexation with Texas.

X November - James K. Polk defeats Henry Clay to become eleventh president of the United States. X March 1 - U.

The U.S.-Mexico War: 1

Almonte, requests his passports, breaking off diplomatic relations between the two countries. X July - President James K. Polk orders General Zachary Taylor to march to Corpus Christi to defend Texas frontier, and dispatches a naval squadron to the Gulf of Mexico July 4 - Texas convention votes in favor of annexation to the United States.

X November - U.